Avocado &

Avocado 'Tonnage' (Persea americana)

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The Tonnage avocado is a distinctive cultivar known for its remarkable productivity and sizable fruit yield, which is how it presumably got its name, suggesting it can produce a "tonnage" of fruit. This variety typically produces fruit that is large, with an oval to pear-shaped appearance. The skin of the Tonnage avocado is usually green, even when ripe, and has a texture that can range from smooth to slightly pebbled.

The flesh of the Tonnage avocado is creamy, buttery, and rich in flavor, with a high oil content that is common in many avocado varieties. It's prized for its excellent taste and texture, making it a favorite for both culinary professionals and home cooks. The seed inside is sizeable, as is typical with avocados, but the flesh-to-seed ratio is favorable, offering plenty of edible fruit.

Cultivation-wise, Tonnage avocados are appreciated for their resilience and adaptability. They thrive in warm climates typical of avocado-growing regions and require well-drained soil to prevent root rot. The tree itself is vigorous and can grow quite large, providing not only abundant fruit but also shade and ornamental value with its glossy, green leaves. It blooms with inconspicuous flowers that, under the right conditions, lead to heavy fruit set.

Gardeners and farmers value this variety for its relatively consistent and heavy bearing pattern, often yielding fruit in abundance annually or biennially, depending on the tree's care and local growing conditions. The harvest time can vary based on the geographical location but generally falls within the main avocado growing season.

Plant Type:  Tropical/Subtropical Evergreen Fruit Tree
Harvest Season:  Summer to Fall, Fall to Winter.  Fruiting season varies slightly depending on the variety of Avocado. 
Mature Size:  15-30 ft. 
Soil & Moisture:  Well-draining, rich in organic matter. Don't over water. Only irrigate during dry periods once established.
Light Requirements:  Full Sun
Self-Fertile:  Yes
Growth Rate:  Medium
Zone Hardiness:  Outdoors 9-11 (frost protection until established); Patio/Greenhouse 4+.  Cold hardiness for Avocado trees really varies depending on the variety. 
Propagation: 

Our Avocado trees are grafted and capable to produce within 1 or 2 years

 

Avocado Tree Care Guide

Avocado trees (Persea americana) are rewarding and versatile plants to grow, whether you're cultivating them in your garden or as potted plants indoors. Follow these comprehensive guidelines to ensure the successful growth and fruiting of your avocado trees.

1. Selection and Planting:

  • Variety: Choose an avocado variety that suits your climate and space. 

  • Location: Plant avocado trees in a sunny spot that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Ensure protection from strong winds and frost, especially for young trees.

  • Soil: Avocado trees thrive in well-draining soil with a pH of 6-7. Amend heavy or clay soils with organic matter to improve drainage.

  • Planting Depth: When planting young avocado trees, match the planting depth to the level they were at in the nursery container.

2. Watering:

  • Watering Frequency: Allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Water young trees more frequently, gradually spacing out as they mature.

  • Deep Watering: Provide deep, thorough watering to encourage deep root growth. Avoid frequent shallow watering.

  • Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the tree to retain moisture and regulate soil temperature.

  • Avoid Overwatering: Avocado trees are sensitive to waterlogged conditions, which can lead to root rot. Ensure proper drainage and avoid standing water.

3. Fertilization:

  • Nutrient Needs: Avocado trees require a balanced fertilizer with a ratio of N-P-K (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium) that supports healthy foliage, root development, and fruit production.

  • Fertilizing Schedule: Apply a slow-release, granular fertilizer in early spring and again in mid-summer. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for application rates.

  • Micronutrients: Avocado trees benefit from micronutrient supplements, particularly iron and zinc. Look for specialized fertilizers containing these elements.

4. Pruning:

  • Formative Pruning: For young trees, prune to encourage a sturdy, well-balanced structure. Remove any weak or crossing branches.

  • Maintenance Pruning: Mature trees require minimal pruning. Remove dead or diseased branches, and thin out excess growth to improve air circulation.

5. Pest and Disease Management:

  • Regular Inspection: Regularly inspect your avocado tree for signs of pests or diseases such as aphids, scales, mites, and fungal infections.

  • Integrated Pest Management: Employ integrated pest management techniques, using natural predators, organic insecticides, or horticultural oils to control pests.

  • Disease Prevention: Practice good sanitation, avoid overwatering, and ensure proper spacing to reduce the risk of fungal diseases.

6. Support and Training:

  • Staking: Young avocado trees may benefit from staking to protect them from wind damage. Use soft ties to prevent damage to the bark.

  • Support for Fruit: As avocados develop, provide support for heavy fruit-laden branches to prevent breakage.

7. Flowering and Fruiting:

  • Flower Management: Some avocado trees have a tendency to produce an excess of flowers. Thinning the flowers can lead to larger, higher-quality fruit.

  • Pollination: Some avocado varieties are self-pollinating, while others benefit from cross-pollination. Planting multiple trees or encouraging pollinators can enhance fruit set.

8. Harvesting:

  • Ripeness Indicators: Avocados are ready to harvest when they slightly soften and detach easily from the tree with a gentle twist.

  • Harvesting Technique: Use a gentle upward motion to remove the fruit from the tree, leaving the stem attached.

By providing the right care, attention, and patience, you can enjoy the growth of healthy avocado trees that provide you with delicious and nutritious fruit for years to come.

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