Avocado 'Russell' (Long Neck!) (Persia americana)

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The Russell Avocado stands out as an exceptional choice for food forest and fruit tree cultivators who value both taste and versatility. This variety is known for its mid-season production, typically bearing fruit from July to September, which nicely bridges the gap between early and late-season varieties.

One of the most striking features of the Russell Avocado is its fruit size. The avocados are impressively large, often weighing between 24 to 40 ounces, and are known for their elongated, pear-like shape. The skin is moderately thick and pebbly, providing good protection while still being easy to peel. Inside, the flesh is a vibrant green, buttery, and richly flavored, with a lower oil content than some other varieties, yet still offering a smooth, creamy texture that's excellent for both fresh eating and culinary uses.

The Russell Avocado tree itself is a robust grower, tending towards a broad, spreading habit, which makes it an ideal shade provider in a food forest setting. It can be a great choice for creating canopy layers or as a standalone feature. The tree is also relatively hardy, though it prefers a warm, frost-free environment and requires well-drained soil.

Flowering occurs in the early spring, with the Russell being a Type B avocado. For optimal fruit production, cross-pollination with a Type A variety, such as Hass or Gwen, is recommended. Regular care, including deep watering and annual fertilization, will support its health and productivity. The Russell Avocado is particularly well-suited for those looking to add a robust and productive element to their diverse edible landscape.

Plant Type:  Tropical/Subtropical Evergreen Fruit Tree
Harvest Season:  Summer to Fall, Fall to Winter.  Fruiting season varies slightly depending on the variety of Avocado. 
Mature Size:  15-30 ft. 
Soil & Moisture:  Well-draining, rich in organic matter. Don't over water. Only irrigate during dry periods once established.
Light Requirements:  Full Sun
Self-Fertile:  Yes
Growth Rate:  Medium
Zone Hardiness:  Outdoors 9-11 (frost protection until established); Patio/Greenhouse 4+.  Cold hardiness for Avocado trees really varies depending on the variety. 
Propagation: 

Our Avocado trees are grafted and capable to produce within 1 or 2 years

 

Avocado Tree Care Guide

Avocado trees (Persea americana) are rewarding and versatile plants to grow, whether you're cultivating them in your garden or as potted plants indoors. Follow these comprehensive guidelines to ensure the successful growth and fruiting of your avocado trees.

1. Selection and Planting:

  • Variety: Choose an avocado variety that suits your climate and space. 

  • Location: Plant avocado trees in a sunny spot that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Ensure protection from strong winds and frost, especially for young trees.

  • Soil: Avocado trees thrive in well-draining soil with a pH of 6-7. Amend heavy or clay soils with organic matter to improve drainage.

  • Planting Depth: When planting young avocado trees, match the planting depth to the level they were at in the nursery container.

2. Watering:

  • Watering Frequency: Allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Water young trees more frequently, gradually spacing out as they mature.

  • Deep Watering: Provide deep, thorough watering to encourage deep root growth. Avoid frequent shallow watering.

  • Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the tree to retain moisture and regulate soil temperature.

  • Avoid Overwatering: Avocado trees are sensitive to waterlogged conditions, which can lead to root rot. Ensure proper drainage and avoid standing water.

3. Fertilization:

  • Nutrient Needs: Avocado trees require a balanced fertilizer with a ratio of N-P-K (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium) that supports healthy foliage, root development, and fruit production.

  • Fertilizing Schedule: Apply a slow-release, granular fertilizer in early spring and again in mid-summer. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for application rates.

  • Micronutrients: Avocado trees benefit from micronutrient supplements, particularly iron and zinc. Look for specialized fertilizers containing these elements.

4. Pruning:

  • Formative Pruning: For young trees, prune to encourage a sturdy, well-balanced structure. Remove any weak or crossing branches.

  • Maintenance Pruning: Mature trees require minimal pruning. Remove dead or diseased branches, and thin out excess growth to improve air circulation.

5. Pest and Disease Management:

  • Regular Inspection: Regularly inspect your avocado tree for signs of pests or diseases such as aphids, scales, mites, and fungal infections.

  • Integrated Pest Management: Employ integrated pest management techniques, using natural predators, organic insecticides, or horticultural oils to control pests.

  • Disease Prevention: Practice good sanitation, avoid overwatering, and ensure proper spacing to reduce the risk of fungal diseases.

6. Support and Training:

  • Staking: Young avocado trees may benefit from staking to protect them from wind damage. Use soft ties to prevent damage to the bark.

  • Support for Fruit: As avocados develop, provide support for heavy fruit-laden branches to prevent breakage.

7. Flowering and Fruiting:

  • Flower Management: Some avocado trees have a tendency to produce an excess of flowers. Thinning the flowers can lead to larger, higher-quality fruit.

  • Pollination: Some avocado varieties are self-pollinating, while others benefit from cross-pollination. Planting multiple trees or encouraging pollinators can enhance fruit set.

8. Harvesting:

  • Ripeness Indicators: Avocados are ready to harvest when they slightly soften and detach easily from the tree with a gentle twist.

  • Harvesting Technique: Use a gentle upward motion to remove the fruit from the tree, leaving the stem attached.

By providing the right care, attention, and patience, you can enjoy the growth of healthy avocado trees that provide you with delicious and nutritious fruit for years to come.

5.0
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1 review
  • M
    Mariah
    I recommend this product
    Rated 5 stars
    1 year ago
    Well packed!

    I ordered the Russel avocado and two pineapple plants. They arrived in the same box, each packaged securely to the box. They didn’t look like they had a rough journey at all. I let them all sit outside of the box with partial sunlight to rest before planting. Many of the leaves of the tree fell off, as expected, but there was new growth right behind it. Still alive (so far)! I do not have a green thumb at all so I’m hoping it makes it!

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