Velvet Bean (Mucuna pruriens)

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The Velvet Bean is a tropical legume and annual climbing shrub native to tropical regions of Africa and Asia.  This vine is largely cultivated for the medicinal benefit of it's seeds.  Velvet Bean seeds contain the substance dopamine, or L-dopa, a substance that is used as a first-line treatment for Parkinson's disease.  Seeds also contain substances that have anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and anti-oxidant properties.

Velvet Bean produces white and lavender flower panicles and large clusters of deep-purple hairy bean pods that encapsulate the dark black medicinal seeds.  The Velvet Bean vine has extremely long climbing ability and reach.

Plant Type
Annual Fruiting Vine, Legume

Harvest Season
Mid-Summer - Fall

Mature Size
Up to 60 ft.

Soil & Moisture
Light and sandy soil, regular water; do not over water.

Light Requirements
 Full Sun, Part Shade


Growth Rate

Zone Hardiness
Outdoors 9-11 with frost protection; Patio/Greenhouse 4+


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How to Grow Velvet Bean

Plant Type: Annual Fruiting Vine, Legume

Harvest Season: Mid-Summer - Fall

Mature Size: Reaching up to 60 ft.

Soil & Moisture: Light and sandy soil, regular water; do not over water.

Exposure: Full Sun, Part Shade 

Zone Hardiness: 9-1

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