Noni (Morinda citrifolia)

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Pot Size

A waft of Noni’s cheesy aroma may not inspire perfume, but the fruit’s pungent odor is redeemed by its unignorable benefits. High in potassium, proxeronine, and many other health properties, the astringent fruit has hooked the hearts of many gardeners. 

Native from Southeast Asia to Northern Australia, the Noni thrived on new lava flows, rooting where few plants dared. It gained immense popularity amongst Polynesian sailors for its low maintenance and impressive size. Natives ate its glossy leaves, burned its wood, and survived off the fruit when nothing else was available. 

The ornamental, highly functional evergreen shrub enjoys taking up space, so ensure you plant Nonis where there’s room for expansive, luscious canopies. Once it’s established, the drought-tolerant noni is capable of withstanding dry spells of 3-6 months with minimal watering.

A relative to the coffee family, Rubiaceae, Noni shares a bitter flavor profile. Noni’s lumpy yellow-to-green glossy exterior houses off-white, bitter flesh, eaten more for its valuable medicinal properties than its flavor. You can distract the bitterness by cooking it down into sauces or curries, or blending it with other fruits and flavors to get the perks without the odorous undertones.

Plant Type: 
Tropical / Subtropical Evergreen Fruit Tree

Harvest Season: 
Late-Spring to Late-Summer, depending on variety

In the early spring, Mangifera indica blossoms with clusters of flower spikes, and fruits mature over a matter of months, giving way to delicious juicy oblong fruits just in time for summer. 

Mature Size: 
The mature size of a mango tree really depends on the variety of mango. Dwarf Mango varieties (aka condo mangoes) can be dwarfed in planters and max out at around 6-10 feet, whereas some mango varieties reach upwards of 20-40 ft tall. A mango tree's canopy spread will be almost as wide as the height of the tree. 

Soil & Moisture: 
Mango trees prefer neutral to slightly acidic soil that is well-draining, rocky, sandy, high, and dry. It requires moderate moisture throughout the year with more watering throughout flowering and fruiting season and less during the winter. Mango trees will generally grow well in many soil types as long as there is good drainage.

Light Requirements: 
Full Sun

Self-Fertile: 
Yes

Growth Rate: 
Fast

Zone Hardiness: 
Outdoors 9-11 (with frost protection until established); Patio/Greenhouse 4+

There is some slight variation of cold tolerance depending on variety. Dwarf varieties of mango trees are really well-suited for containers and can easily be brought indoors during the winter.

Propagation: 
Large Pot Size: Grafted and ready to produce within 1-3 years.
X-Large Pot Size: Grafted and ready to produce within 1 year.

See More: 
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Small: 2" Peat Pots
Medium: 4" Coconut Coir Pot
Large: 6" Peat Pot
X-Large: 8-10" Pot 
Citrus: 4x14" Pot

View Full Plantable Pot Size & Materials Guide Here 

Dig Deeper

Mangoes, known in Ayurveda medicine as the king of fruits, are rich in the antioxidant beta-carotene, a pigment responsible for the yellow-orange color of the fruit. Beta-carotene is just one of many antioxidants found in mangoes. Mangoes are also rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Folate, Vitamin B, Vitamin and Potassium.

Traditionally, mango tree wood is also extremely useful as well and often used in the making of musical instruments. 

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