Grow and brew your own coffee! Coffea arabica (aka Arabian Coffee or Mountain Coffee) is the leading cultivar in coffee production worldwide. The coffee plant is a very beautiful and special small fruiting tree. Coffee trees are typically pruned short to conserve their energy and aid in harvesting, but can grow to more than 30 feet high. Each tree is covered with green, waxy leaves growing opposite each other in pairs. Coffee cherries grow along the branches. Because it grows in a continuous cycle, it’s not unusual to see flowers, green fruit and ripe fruit simultaneously on a single tree. Coffee trees grow best in rich soil, with mild temperatures, frequent rain and shaded sun.
It takes nearly a year for a cherry to mature after first flowering, and about 5 years of growth to reach full fruit production. While coffee plants can live up to 100 years, they are generally the most productive between the ages of 7 and 20. Proper care can maintain and even increase their output over the years, depending on the variety. The average coffee tree produces 10 pounds of coffee cherry per year, or 2 pounds of green beans. (National Coffee Association)
Did you know that the coffee plant also makes an awesome houseplant? Considered to be among the easiest and hardiest of houseplants, coffee plant is great for both experienced or beginner gardeners. Not only is coffee plant care easy, but the plant itself is lovely and makes a wonderful addition to the home.