Brazilian Guava (Psidium angulatum)

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The Brazilian Guava, or Araca Pera, is subtropical to tropical fruiting shrub/tree native to the Brazilian Amazon. It’s a rare Psidium variety of the Myrtaceae family, related to Surinam Cherries, Bay Rum, and our other Guava varieties.  The Brazilian Guava tree, a container-friendly guava variety, can reach up to 20 ft. tall in the full sun, creating a canopy of distinct, ruffled leaves and small, 5-petalled white flowers with more than 300 stamens. Their satin-like bark peels easily from the branches and is beloved for its ornamental qualities. 

The cold-hardy Brazilian Guava grows fragrant blossoms which become pale yellow 3” diameter fruits with pulpy centers of sour, acidic flavor. Many dilute the highly-concentrated guava centers up to 10 times before sweetening them into jams, sorbets, and juices. To eat fresh, some recommend adding honey, and however you decide to eat it, be sure to enjoy the wild taste of the Amazon!

Common Names: 
Brazilian Guava, Brasilian Guava, Araca Pera, Bayabas, Guayaba Agria, Pará Guava, Britoa acida Berg. Calvacante, Araca Piranga, Aracandiva, Aracanduba, Goiabarana, Guabira, Ampi Yacu

Native Region:
Brazil (Eastern Amazon)

Traditional Uses: 
Culinary

Plant Type:
Subtropical to Tropical Fruiting Shrub/Tree

Harvest Season:
Spring 

Mature Size:
20 ft. tall

Soil & Moisture:
Rich, Well-Draining Soil.

Light Requirements:
Full Sun

Self-Fertile: 
Yes

Growth Rate: 
Fast

Zone Hardiness: 
Outdoors 10a-11 with frost protection; Patio/Greenhouse 4+ 

Propagation: 
Our Guava Plants are grown from seed and are capable of fruiting within 3 years.

Quick Care Guide

Plant Type:

Subtropical to Tropical Fruiting Shrub/Tree

Harvest Season:

Spring, Summer

Mature Size: Up to 12 ft. tall
Soil & Moisture:  Avoid planting guavas in low spots where cool air settles, as they don't like cold. 
Light Requirements: Full Sun, Part Shade
Self-Fertile: Yes
Growth Rate: Very Fast, Fast
Zone Hardiness: Outdoors 9-11 with frost protection; Patio/Greenhouse 4+
Propagation: Our Guava Plants are grown from seed and are capable of fruiting within 3 years.
  

Plant Care Guide for Growing Guava Trees

Guava trees (Psidium guajava) are tropical fruit-bearing plants known for their delicious, fragrant fruits. Proper care is essential to ensure healthy growth, optimal fruit production, and disease resistance. Whether you're growing guava trees in your backyard or as potted plants, follow these guidelines to cultivate thriving guava trees.

1. Location and Climate: Guava trees thrive in warm, tropical to subtropical climates. They require plenty of sunlight for optimal growth and fruit production. Choose a planting location with at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. While guava trees are adaptable, they prefer well-draining soil.

2. Soil Preparation: Plant guava trees in well-draining soil that is slightly acidic to neutral (pH 5.0-7.0). You can amend the soil with organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, to improve fertility and drainage.

3. Planting: Plant guava trees during the warmer months, preferably in spring. Dig a hole that is slightly larger than the root ball. Place the tree in the hole at the same depth it was in the nursery container. Backfill the hole with soil and water thoroughly to settle the soil around the roots.

4. Watering: Young guava trees require consistent moisture to establish their root systems. Water deeply and regularly, especially during the first year. Once the tree is established, reduce the frequency of watering but provide deep soakings when the top few inches of soil feel dry.

5. Fertilization: Feed guava trees with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in spring, early summer, and late summer. Choose a fertilizer with a ratio like 10-10-10 or 14-14-14, which provides a balanced mix of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for application rates.

6. Pruning: Pruning helps maintain a healthy shape, remove dead or diseased branches, and encourage air circulation. Prune guava trees during the dormant season, typically in winter. Remove any suckers that emerge from the base of the tree. Regularly thin out the canopy to allow sunlight to reach all parts of the tree.

7. Pest and Disease Management: Guava trees can be susceptible to pests such as fruit flies, aphids, and scale insects. Regularly inspect your trees for signs of infestation and treat promptly if necessary, using horticultural oils or insecticidal soaps. To prevent disease, avoid over-watering and waterlogging the soil.

8. Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the tree to conserve moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature. Keep the mulch a few inches away from the trunk to prevent moisture-related issues.

9. Fruit Thinning: If your guava tree produces an excessive number of fruits, consider thinning them out. This promotes larger and healthier fruits and prevents the tree from being overburdened.

10. Harvesting: Guava fruits are ready to be harvested when they change color and give off a sweet aroma. Gently twist or cut the fruits from the tree. Avoid pulling, as this can damage the branches.

By following these guidelines, you can successfully cultivate guava trees that produce flavorful, tropical fruits for you to enjoy. Remember that specific care requirements may vary based on the guava tree variety and your local climate, so always observe your tree's behavior and adjust your care routine accordingly.

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