Allspice (Pimenta dioica)

Allspice (Pimenta dioica)

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Allspice also known as Jamaica Pepper, is a fragrant evergreen tree, native to Central America and the Caribbean. It is commonly found in wooded hillsides and hilly pastures in its native regions.  Allspice can be grown as a short crop tree, or as a larger shade bearing canopy tree in agricultural plots. It can be raised in smaller containers, and grown as a smaller shrub as well, making Allspice a great house plant. Smaller plants are susceptible to frost, but the larger established plants are frost tolerant. 

As a culinary herb, it has many uses, and is an important spice in Jamaican and Arabian cuisine. The leaves, dried fruit, and wood can all be used in some capacity. As a medicinal herb, it has many properties including anesthetic, antioxidant, antiseptic, carminative, and rubefacient; making it a versatile multi purpose medicinal. It's primary constituent is Eugenol. The wood is also used when cooking with fire, too add a smoked flavor. 

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