Black Pepper Vine (Piper nigrum)

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Pot Size

Loved around the world, Black Pepper is a perennial woody vine native to southern Asia. Piper Nigrum can obtain heights of up to to 13 ft and is perfect for trellises, porches, fences, and poles with it's spreading vine. These vines will easily root and take hold to soil and surfaces, making this a great plant for cultivation. 

The fruiting vine bears small flowers which can produce long spikes (around 3-7 inches long) of dark red fruit.  These drupes are commonly called peppercorns and can grow in clusters of 20-30. These fruit are picked and dried in the sun or artificially, and crushed into pepper. Depending on when the fruit is harvested and dried can result in variations such as black, white, or green pepper. Black Pepper grows best in well drained and moist soils. It requires soil with plenty of nutrition, but isn't picky about altitude.  It even makes an excellent houseplant in temperate climates.  

Plant Type:
Perennial Fruiting Vine

Harvest Season:
Red berries ripen 9 months after flowering

Mature Size:
Can grow to about 13 ft. long

Soil & Moisture:
Well-draining, rich in organic matter with consistent watering.

Light Requirements:
Part Shade

Self-Fertile:
Yes

Growth Rate:
Slow, Medium

Zone Hardiness:
Outdoors 9-11 with frost protection.; Patio/Greenhouse 4+

Propagation:
Medium Pot Size: Grown from micropropagation, capable of harvest within 2-3 years
Large Pot Size: Capable of harvest within 1-3 years

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