Greater Galangal (Alpinia galanga)

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Alpinia galangal is the scientific name for the Greater Galangal plant. The Greater Galangal plant is a perennial herb in the Ginger family of plants, native to Indonesia and South Asia. It is cultivated as a spice in Malaysia, Laos, and Thailand, where it is often locally known as 'langkawas'. Greater Galangal grows from rhizomes, that are usually in deep clamps, and also bears bright red fruit. Greater Galangal grows up to 6-8 feet tall and has long, wide, blade-like leaves.

Greater Galangal's rhizome is used in most Thai and other southeast Asian recipes, especially as a curry paste with seafood and meat dishes. The rhizome is either cut into pieces or mashed into a paste. The flavor of the rhizome has been described as tasting sharp, spicy, and with a sweet taste. The unique taste is compared to a mix between black pepper and pine. The rhizome is also utilized in Voodoo practices.

Plant Type:
Rhizomatous Perennial Herb

Harvest Season: 
Turmeric: Late Summer - early Winter or after 8-10 months of planting.

Mature Size: 
Turmeric: Up to about 3 ft. tall
Ginger: Up to 3 ft. tall
Lesser Galangal: Up to 6 ft. tall
Greater Galangal: Up to 10 ft. tall

Soil & Moisture: 
Loose, nutrient-rich, well-draining soil. Water in the Spring and Summer. Do not water when dormant.

Light Requirements:
Full Sun, Part Shade, Shade

Self-Fertile:
Yes

Growth Rate:

Medium for Turmeric and Ginger: capable of harvest after 8-10 months.

Slow for Lesser Galangal: best after 2 years of growth.

Zone Hardiness:
Outdoors 8-11 (frost protection until established); Patio/Greenhouse 4+


Propagation:
Our Root Plants are grown from division and tissue culture and are capable of harvest within growing season. 

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