Long Pepper (Piper longum)

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Long Pepper, scientifically known as Piper longum, is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. This plant is native to India and is also grown in other tropical regions.

The long pepper's fruit is more pungent than the closely related black pepper (Piper nigrum) and has a unique taste. It is often used in Indian, Indonesian, and Malaysian cuisines, especially in pickles, spice blends, and medicinal preparations. The spice is typically used in its whole form and can be ground into a powder as needed.

Piper longum is a perennial climber that enjoys a warm and humid climate. It thrives in rich, well-drained soil and requires a support structure to grow effectively. The plant produces small, round fruits that are initially green and turn dark red when ripe. These fruits are arranged in a spike-like cluster, giving the long pepper its characteristic appearance.

In traditional medicine, especially Ayurveda, long pepper is used for its supposed health benefits. It is believed to aid in digestion, improve appetite, and help treat respiratory infections. Modern research is exploring its potential benefits, including anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.

The cultivation of long pepper requires patience, as the plant takes a few years to start producing fruit. It's typically propagated through cuttings or seeds and requires regular pruning and care to maintain healthy growth and yield.

Plant Type:
Perennial Fruiting Vine

Harvest Season:
Red berries ripen 9 months after flowering

Mature Size:
Can grow to about 13 ft. long

Soil & Moisture:
Well-draining, rich in organic matter with consistent watering.

Light Requirements:
Part Shade

Self-Fertile:
Yes

Growth Rate:
Slow, Medium

Zone Hardiness:
Outdoors 9-11 with frost protection.; Patio/Greenhouse 4+

Propagation:
Medium Pot Size: Grown from micropropagation, capable of harvest within 2-3 years
Large Pot Size: Capable of harvest within 1-3 years

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in Plantable Pots

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