one whole Monroe avocado - half of Monroe avocado cut in half to expose large round seed

Avocado 'Monroe' (Persia americana)

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The Monroe Avocado is a highly sought-after cultivar among food forest and fruit tree enthusiasts for its exceptional qualities. It's a late-season variety, typically maturing between November and January. This cultivar is known for producing large, flavorful fruits, often weighing between 24 to 40 ounces each. The skin of the Monroe Avocado is thick and woody, providing excellent protection for the rich, creamy, and nutty flesh inside, which is high in oil content.

The Monroe tree itself is vigorous and upright, capable of reaching substantial heights, which makes it an excellent choice for those looking to add vertical diversity to their food forests. It's also cold-tolerant compared to other avocado varieties, though it thrives best in warm climates. The tree blooms with small, greenish-yellow flowers, primarily in the spring.

In terms of cultivation, the Monroe Avocado requires well-drained soil and benefits from full sun exposure. It's a Type B avocado, meaning it pairs well with Type A avocados like Hass or Reed for improved pollination and fruit set. Regular watering and annual fertilization help ensure a healthy growth and abundant fruit production. This variety, due to its size and growth habit, is particularly suited for larger spaces and can be a centerpiece in a diverse food forest.

Plant Type:  Tropical/Subtropical Evergreen Fruit Tree
Harvest Season:  Summer to Fall, Fall to Winter.  Fruiting season varies slightly depending on the variety of Avocado. 
Mature Size:  15-30 ft. 
Soil & Moisture:  Well-draining, rich in organic matter. Don't over water. Only irrigate during dry periods once established.
Light Requirements:  Full Sun
Self-Fertile:  Yes
Growth Rate:  Medium
Zone Hardiness:  Outdoors 9-11 (frost protection until established); Patio/Greenhouse 4+.  Cold hardiness for Avocado trees really varies depending on the variety. 
Propagation: 

Our Avocado trees are grafted and capable to produce within 1 or 2 years

 

Avocado Tree Care Guide

Avocado trees (Persea americana) are rewarding and versatile plants to grow, whether you're cultivating them in your garden or as potted plants indoors. Follow these comprehensive guidelines to ensure the successful growth and fruiting of your avocado trees.

1. Selection and Planting:

  • Variety: Choose an avocado variety that suits your climate and space. 

  • Location: Plant avocado trees in a sunny spot that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Ensure protection from strong winds and frost, especially for young trees.

  • Soil: Avocado trees thrive in well-draining soil with a pH of 6-7. Amend heavy or clay soils with organic matter to improve drainage.

  • Planting Depth: When planting young avocado trees, match the planting depth to the level they were at in the nursery container.

2. Watering:

  • Watering Frequency: Allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Water young trees more frequently, gradually spacing out as they mature.

  • Deep Watering: Provide deep, thorough watering to encourage deep root growth. Avoid frequent shallow watering.

  • Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the tree to retain moisture and regulate soil temperature.

  • Avoid Overwatering: Avocado trees are sensitive to waterlogged conditions, which can lead to root rot. Ensure proper drainage and avoid standing water.

3. Fertilization:

  • Nutrient Needs: Avocado trees require a balanced fertilizer with a ratio of N-P-K (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium) that supports healthy foliage, root development, and fruit production.

  • Fertilizing Schedule: Apply a slow-release, granular fertilizer in early spring and again in mid-summer. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for application rates.

  • Micronutrients: Avocado trees benefit from micronutrient supplements, particularly iron and zinc. Look for specialized fertilizers containing these elements.

4. Pruning:

  • Formative Pruning: For young trees, prune to encourage a sturdy, well-balanced structure. Remove any weak or crossing branches.

  • Maintenance Pruning: Mature trees require minimal pruning. Remove dead or diseased branches, and thin out excess growth to improve air circulation.

5. Pest and Disease Management:

  • Regular Inspection: Regularly inspect your avocado tree for signs of pests or diseases such as aphids, scales, mites, and fungal infections.

  • Integrated Pest Management: Employ integrated pest management techniques, using natural predators, organic insecticides, or horticultural oils to control pests.

  • Disease Prevention: Practice good sanitation, avoid overwatering, and ensure proper spacing to reduce the risk of fungal diseases.

6. Support and Training:

  • Staking: Young avocado trees may benefit from staking to protect them from wind damage. Use soft ties to prevent damage to the bark.

  • Support for Fruit: As avocados develop, provide support for heavy fruit-laden branches to prevent breakage.

7. Flowering and Fruiting:

  • Flower Management: Some avocado trees have a tendency to produce an excess of flowers. Thinning the flowers can lead to larger, higher-quality fruit.

  • Pollination: Some avocado varieties are self-pollinating, while others benefit from cross-pollination. Planting multiple trees or encouraging pollinators can enhance fruit set.

8. Harvesting:

  • Ripeness Indicators: Avocados are ready to harvest when they slightly soften and detach easily from the tree with a gentle twist.

  • Harvesting Technique: Use a gentle upward motion to remove the fruit from the tree, leaving the stem attached.

By providing the right care, attention, and patience, you can enjoy the growth of healthy avocado trees that provide you with delicious and nutritious fruit for years to come.

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