Jabuticaba (Plinia cauliflora)

Jabuticaba (Plinia cauliflora)

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Jabuticaba, also known as Jaboticaba or Brazillian Grapetree, is a really unique small fruit tree or shrub native to Brazil. Jabuticaba fruit grows right off of the trunk and is about the look and size of a large grape, measuring 1-3 inches in size. The fruit has astringent grape-like skin and white sweet rosey flavored pulp. Jabuticaba fruit is typically eaten fresh but can also be used to make juices, desserts, jams, or even fermented into wine. 

The name Jaboticaba (Plinia cauliflora) ccoes from the Tupi word, jaboti, for turtle, or like turtle fat, descriptive of the fruit pulp. Cauliflora is from cauliflorous, meaning the fruit and flowers grow directly on the bark or under bark along the trunk, limbs, and branches. The branch is profuse; angling upward and typically forms a dense, rounded or vase-like, symmetrical crown.

Plant Type
Tropical / Subtropical Evergreen Fruit Tree

Harvest Season
Spring, Summer

Mature Size
10-12 ft

Due to their unique shrubby and branchy growing habit and short stature, Jabuticaba trees are an excellent specimen for Bonsai!

Soil & Moisture
Rich, moist well-drained soil, and humid conditions similar to their native areas tropical and subtropical regions. 

Light Requirements
Full Sun, Part Shade

Self-Fertile
Yes

Growth Rate
Medium, Slow

Zone Hardiness
Outdoors 9-11 with frost protection; Patio/Greenhouse 4+

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Benefits of Growing Jabuticaba Fruit

Medicinally, the skin of the Jabuticaba fruit may be rich with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Jabuticaba fruit are also a good source of minerals such as calcium, iron, and especially potassium and phosphorus, and significant levels of certain amino acids like tryptophan and lysine.

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