Plant Care: How to Grow Bananas

Plant Type
Fruit Tree / Evergreen Perennial Herb

Did you know? The banana plant is actually an evergreen perennial herb, not a tree! The large ‘trunk’ is actually a pseudostem, which is made of bulky, leafy layers that emerge and wither over time. 

Harvest Season
Year-round

With good care, bananas will fruit within the first 15-18 months of planting. 

Mature Size
Really varies depending on variety. Some dwarf banana varieties grow only to 2-3 ft where other banana types reach up to 40 ft tall. Banana plants can be grown easily in containers and overwintered indoors if needed.

Banana plants are fast-growing, and prone to reproducing new plants through mini clones known as suckers.

Soil & Moisture
Rich, moist well-drained soil, nitrogen-rich soil, and humid conditions similar to their native areas tropical and subtropical regions. In well-drained soil, bananas can almost never get enough water, sunlight, and nutrients. 

Light Requirements
Full Sun, Part Shade

Self-Fertile
Yes

Growth Rate
Fast

Zone Hardiness
Outdoors 9-11 with frost protection; Patio/Greenhouse 4+