Vernia Sweet Orange (Citrus × Sinensis (L.) Osbeck)

Vernia Sweet Orange (Citrus × Sinensis (L.) Osbeck)

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The Vernia Sweet Orange, also known as Berna, Verna, or Alberola, is a Subtropical Evergreen Fruit Tree native to Spain. A deliciously juicy Citrus family member,  the late-season Vernia Sweet Orange is a staple in the Mediterranean. It sports a highly productive harvest of acidic-sweet, yellow-orange harvests. Compared to Hamlin Oranges, but larger, it boasts a juicier not-from-concentrate (NFC) orange juice from a new cultivar. 

Slow to bear fruit, but highly fruitful once mature, the Vernia Sweet Orange bears medium-sized fruits with few seeds. It holds well to the tree while ripening and makes for excellent quality juice. Known to regreen during summer, meaning the fruit takes on more chlorophyll and has less of its signature full-color. Growing around 10 ft. tall, this citrus variety can be pruned and kept in a container, however, grows best when planted directly in the ground with ample sunlight and nitrogen.

Take a break under the Vernia Sweet Orange’s deep green, glossy canopy, or breathe in their fragrant blossoms while you anticipate their fruity delight to come! Best for juicing, the Vernia Sweet Orange can also add a zesty zing to baked goods or salads, smoothies or sorbets.

Planting, cultural care, pruning, and harvesting are similar for all citrus plants, with a few slight variations. Generally, they are best planted in filtered sun with well-drained soil that can hold moisture and nutrients. Citrus trees a particularly high demand for nitrogen. If you’re fantasizing about long afternoons of picking fresh fruit from your personal citrus grove, keep this in mind: The key to growing citrus is setting it up for success from the start.

Plant Type:
Subtropical Evergreen Fruit Tree

Harvest Season:
Winter, Spring, Year-round

Main citrus fruit production will take place in late winter through spring, but may produce throughout the year

Mature Size:
7-30 ft

Mature size varies by citrus tree type. Overall, citrus varieties can be grown in containers and maintained at smaller sizes.

Soil & Moisture:
Well-drained, high fertility and good moisture-holding capacity; High nitrogen demands. Regular watering throughout the first year and throughout flowering and fruiting season.

Light Requirements:
Full Sun, Part Shade

Overall, citrus prefers slightly shady areas and has better fruit production in part shade lighting conditions.


Growth Rate:

Zone Hardiness:
Outdoors 8-11; Patio/Greenhouse 4+

Although their fruit provides a distinctly tropical twist to any drink or dish, Citrus trees trees are actually very cold hardy fruit trees, taking temperatures down to the low 20's!

Grafted and capable of producing fruit within 1 year.

See More:
Sow Exotic offers many different unique varieties of Citrus trees. Shop the Citrus Collection!

What growers are saying

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Dig Deeper

Sweet, tangy, juicy citrus fruit is more than just a delicious snack or an essential ingredient in your Sunday afternoon mimosas!

Citrus (especially oranges) is an amazing source of Vitamin C, an essential vitamin that helps prevent and treat the common cold/upper respiratory infections and improve heart health. Your body can’t make vitamin C on its own so you need to get it from fruits like citrus, fresh vegetables, berries, etc.

Shop All Citrus Varieties